Cashmere is a rare special animal fiber (which is different from wool). It is a valuable textile raw material. It is called "soft diamond" and "soft gold" abroad. Because of the Asian Kashmir was distributed to the output of cashmere, Europe in history, so the international custom called cashmere "Kashmir Cashmere)"; Chinese by its homonym for "cashmere".
Cashmere is the comb from goat, and the quality of cashmere goat is the best. Every spring is goat hair removal. It is called "velvet", which is made of special iron comb from goat body. The clean cashmere is combed to remove the coarse wool in the raw wool, and the cashmere, which is obtained after the dead hair and the dandruff, is called no cashmere. Cashmere has three colors of white, green and purple, of which white cashmere is the most precious. The quality standard of plush in China is divided into 5 grades, according to rough and containing impurity rate and length index grading, grading standards of cashmere and purple cashmere is different.
Cashmere is long in the goat cortex, buried in the goat hair root, a thin layer of coarse fine cashmere, cold winter long, resist cold, spring warming after the natural shedding, adapt to climate.
The world cashmere producing countries include Mongolia, Iran, Chinese, India, Afghanistan and Turkey, including Chinese, the total output of 16000-17000 tons of 50-60%, and the quality is best, mainly from Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Gansu, Shanxi, Shandong, Ningxia, Tibet, Qinghai and other provinces and autonomous regions in Inner Mongolia, the highest yield and the best quality. Qinghe County, Hebei Province, is known as the capital of cashmere, the largest cashmere processing and distributing center in China. Since 1994, the trade fair of cashmere industry has been held in mid and late 9 every year. The fifteenth China Qinghe international cashmere and fluffy fair was held in from September 26 to 30, 2008.